According to American Pregnancy Association, Male infertility is a factor in approximately 50% of all infertility cases. If a couple isn’t able to conceive after trying for over a year, both partners need to go for certain tests. Male fertility testing is a simple and routine procedure. Know more about fertility tests for men:
To get a medical evaluation, the male partner must visit a urologist, who will conduct a physical exam. Expect to answer questions about your lifestyle and medical history, such as:
- Surgeries you’ve had
- Medications that you take
- Your exercise regimen
- Whether you smoke, drink or take drugs
You might also be asked about your sex life, and if you face any problems during intercourse. Your doctor will ask you if you have ever had any Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). He will ask you for a sample of your semen for further analysis. After your medical evaluation is done, your doctor might perform the following tests:
- Sperm and Semen evaluation
A trained expert will ask the male to submit his semen for further testing. He will then proceed to check the sperm count, their shape, movement and other characteristics. Rule of the thumb is the higher the number of normally shaped sperm, higher the fertility. However, there are exceptions: about 15% of infertile men have normal semen and normal sperm. In case of a normal result, the doctor might advise to take a second test. Two normal tests indicate there is no significant infertility problem.
- Physical Exam
Physical exam is useful in finding varicoceles i.e. abnormal formations of veins above the testicle. If the male has been found to have varicoceles, it can be corrected with surgery. Our doctors at KIMS Cuddles will put your comfort first while carrying out fertility tests.
- Hormone Evaluation
Hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and testicles play an important role in the production of sperm. Abnormalities in other hormonal or organ systems might also contribute to infertility. Your doctor might ask you to take blood test in order to measure the level of testosterone and other hormones.
- Genetic Testing
Genetic testing is used to identify specific obstacles that can lead to infertility and problems with the sperm. When sperm concentration is low, it can hint towards a genetic cause. Blood tests can reveal if there are subtle changes in the Y chromosome – signs of a genetic abnormality. Genetic testing might also be recommended to diagnose various congenital or inherited syndromes.
- Scrotal Testing
Scrotal testing uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images inside the body. A scrotal ultrasound can help the doctor to see if there is a varicocele or other problems in the testicles and supporting structures.
- Post-ejaculation urinalysis
Sometimes, the sperm in the urine can indicate that it is traveling backward into the bladder, instead of out from the penis during ejaculation. This is known as retrograde ejaculation and a urinalysis can help to determine the same.
These are some of the most commonly used fertility tests performed for men. To know more, get in touch with our team of experts at KIMS Cuddles.
*The opinions expressed in this article are not to be substituted for medical advice under any circumstance