When you’re pregnant, it is important to maintain a healthy, nutritious and varied diet. The food that you eat is the source of some important vitamins and minerals. However, during pregnancy, you might need to supplement your diet with multivitamins for your, and more importantly your baby’s good health.
For women who have dietary restrictions, health issues or pregnancy complications, it might be necessary to take prenatal multivitamins. This includes women who:
- Are vegans or vegetarians
- Are lactose intolerant or allergic to any other food
- Have blood disorders
- Have eating disorders such as anorexia
- Have certain chronic diseases
- Are having multiples (twins or triplets etc.)
Your doctor might recommend certain multivitamins during pregnancy to cover any nutritional gaps in your diet. Let us take a look at a few of them and discuss why they’re so important:
- Folic Acid
This B vitamin is recommended very early in your pregnancy, and in the month before you conceive. It helps prevent neural tube birth defects, such as spina bifida. Folic acid may also reduce the risk of other birth defects such as cleft lip, cleft palate, and heart defects. It may even lower your risk of preeclampsia. Foods such as green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans, citrus fruits and many fortified foods contain folic acid. Even so, it is better to supplement with folic acid to meet your body’s daily requirement.
Your body’s iron needs are increased during pregnancy and it might be difficult to get enough of this mineral from diet alone. This might cause iron-deficiency anemia and lead to complications such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and infant mortality.
Red meat, chicken, fish, green leafy vegetables and legumes are good sources of iron.
Calcium is very important for the health of a pregnant woman. As the baby absorbs calcium for its own growth, there is a risk for the mother to lose her own bone density. Foods like milk, cheese, yoghurt and green leafy vegetables are rich in calcium. Nutritionist at KIMS Cuddles can help you with the right amount of supplements as well as guide you on your diet while you’re pregnant.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D is important for the development of your baby’s bones and teeth. This fat-soluble vitamin helps maintain the levels of calcium and phosphorous. Lack of Vitamin D can cause complications such as rickets (which can lead to fractures and deformity), abnormal bone growth and delay in physical development.
Iodine plays an important role in the thyroid function. Deficiency in iodine is linked to stunted physical growth, mental disability and deafness. In the most severe cases, iodine deficiency can also lead to miscarriage and stillbirth.
Multivitamins during pregnancy help to meet a woman’s daily nutritional needs. When your doctor recommends prenatal vitamins, make sure they include:
- 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid
- 400 IU of Vitamin D
- 200 to 300 milligrams (mg) of calcium
- 70 mg of vitamin C
- 3 mg of thiamine
- 2 mg of riboflavin
- 20 mg of niacin
- 6 mcg of vitamin B12
- 10 mg of vitamin E
- 15 mg of Zinc
- 17 mg of iron
- 150 micrograms of iodine
Your growing baby needs more than just food to take care of its nutritional needs. We at KIMS Cuddles, ensure that you are provided with the best prenatal care and guidance. Check with our doctors to know more about prenatal vitamins that you should take.
**The opinions presented in this article are not to be substituted for medical advice under any circumstance