Infertility can take a huge toll on a couple’s emotional health. However, advancements in science and medicine have helped many couples to keep the hope alive for bearing a healthy child. Newer and better treatments have helped more than half of the couples with infertility issues to become pregnant after treatment. However, the nature and cost of the techniques largely depend on the cause of infertility. Here are some fertility treatments that you must know about:
- Fertility drugs
When injected or taken in pill form, fertility drugs release hormones that induce ovulation to boost egg production. They also help make the uterus more receptive to embryo implantations. Fertility drugs are generally the first choice of treatment due to their low cost and relative convenience. Women who don’t ovulate regularly or have partners with poor sperm quality can benefit from the use of fertility drugs. However, they must be avoided if you have damaged fallopian tubes or scarring from endometriosis. Around 40 to 45 percent of women who take the pills and ovulate get pregnant. The success rate is 50 percent in women who take the injection shot. However, possible side effects of using fertility drugs may include bloating, nausea, hot flashes, large ovarian cysts and even multiple births.
- Artificial insemination
Artificial insemination is also known as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). In this method, specially prepared sperm is inserted directly into the uterus through a thin, flexible catheter during IUI. Your doctor might advise you to take fertility drugs as well in order to increase your chances of fertilization. IUI is most useful in cases where men have slow-moving or lower quality sperm, or a low sperm count. It also benefits women who have produced antibodies to their partner’s sperm, or if their cervical mucus prevents transport of sperm to the egg. This is a simple procedure that can be performed in a doctor’s office and has a 15-20 percent chance of conception per cycle. Possible side effects include multiple births.
- Donor Sperm and Donor Eggs
In Donor sperm, the sperm from man other than the intended father is used during IUI or IVF. This is best for couples who suffer from male-factor infertility or for men who don’t want to pass on their genetic disorders to their children. The success rate for this treatment is around 15 percent per cycle.
In Donor eggs, the eggs are obtained from the ovaries of another woman and fertilized by the sperm of the recipient’s partner. Resulting embryos are transferred into the recipient mother’s uterus. This treatment is best for women whose ovaries are damaged, older women with poor egg quality, and women who don’t want to pass on their genetic disorders to their children. The success rate is around 55 percent for women who use fresh donor eggs.
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
This is by far, the most well-known fertility treatment technique. It is a multistep process in which your eggs are extracted and fertilized with sperm in a lab. Once embryos develop, one or two are implanted in your uterus and the rest are stored. This treatment works best for couples who suffer serious fertility problems. The success rate varies from age to age: 40 percent in women under the age of 35, 32 percent in ages between 35 and 37, and 23 percent between ages 38 to 40 become pregnant. However, IVF treatment is very costly and requires a rigorous regimen of fertility drugs before each treatment cycle.
- Reproductive surgery
Reproductive surgeries are used to correct anatomical abnormalities, remove scarring, and clear blockages in either the man or the woman. Some reproductive surgeries might require a hospital stay, while others might be done on an outpatient basis. They are best for couples with diagnosed diseases or abnormalities.
There are several other techniques to treat infertility in both men and women. To find out what’s the best available option for your condition, talk to our team at KIMS Cuddles.
*The opinions expressed in this article are not to be substituted for medical advice under any circumstance